In his paraphrase of Peter’s speech, Luke presented Peter’s defense of those who some thought were drunk, but were actually under the influence of power of the Spirit. Luke opened Peter’s defense against the antagonists using a standard Greco-Roman argument based on defense and attack (Witherington 138). Peter’s defense centered on the time of day—it was only nine o’clock in the morning, implying it was much too early for anyone to be drunk. No Jewish person would eat or drink anything on a feast day before nine o’clock in the morning (Weirsbe sec. IIA).
Luke, switching Peter to the attack, then provided the antagonists with the true meaning of the strange language (Acts 2:17-21). With an apparent intent to provide his readers a permanent record of the fulfillment of Joel’s prophecy, Luke, paraphrasing Peter, quoted Joel from the Septuagint using a replication ‘with some differences,’ a kind of recitation, which is a form of oral-scribal intertexture (Robbins 41).
|Joel 2:28 Then afterward
I will pour out my spirit on all flesh;
your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
your old men shall dream dreams,
and your young men shall see visions.
|Acts 2:17 ‘In the last days it will be, God declares,
that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh,
and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
and your young men shall see visions,
and your old men shall dream dreams.