Divine Empowerment of Leaders

Divine Empowerment of Leaders, Study of Luke(Page 18)

By Allen Quist 

It Could not Have Been David

Peter recontextualized the Psalm 16 into the Pentecost event, specifically Psalm 16:27, “For you will not abandon my soul to Hades, or let your Holy One experience corruption.” It appears Luke’s intent was to establish that Psalm 16 was not talking about David because David’s tomb was close by and David’s body was still in the grave (Bruce 65-66). Bruce continues, God had promised David in Psalm 132:11 one of David’s sons would sit on the throne. History did not fulfill this prophecy. The Jews considered a descendent of David would ultimately fulfill the messianic psalms. Peter argued Christ is the member of the Davidic line the Jews were waiting for (66). To establish the connection between Joel 2:28 and the Pentecost event in Acts 2:1-4, Luke quotes Peter arguing, “Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you both see and hear” (Acts 2:33). Having proved Jesus is the Davidic Messiah now at God’s right hand in fulfillment of prophecy; Peter closes his argument with Psalm 110:1, which restates the same conclusion.

Acts 2:34-35
34 For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,
1 The LORD says to my lord,

“Sit at my right hand

‘The Lord said to my Lord,

“Sit at my right hand,

until I make your enemies your footstool.”35 until I make your enemies your footstool.” ’

Baylis points out in Psalm 110:1 David is the speaker evidenced by the word “my’ in the line “The LORD says to ‘my’ Lord” (246). Witherington quoting Fitzmyer states, “in using “Kurios” of both Yahweh and Jesus in his writings Luke continues the sense of the title already being used in the early Christian community which in some sense regarded Jesus on a level with Yahweh” (Witherington 149). Witherington argues Psalm 110:1 puts God and Christ as equal (147). Jesus used Psalm 110:1 to argue his identity and equality to the Pharisees (Luke 20:42-44).

Luke records Peter’s closing challenge to the crowd to, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation” (Acts 2:40b), with the first great response to Christ—three thousand people gave themselves to Christ and were baptized (Acts 2:41). “So those who welcomed his message were baptized, and that day about three thousand persons were added. They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of bread Next Pageand the prayers” (Acts 2:42). Coming to the moment were one hundred and twenty followers of Christ. Leaving the moment were over three thousand potential Spirit-led leaders for Christ, returning to their hometowns scattered all over the Roman Empire. Luke’s record of Peter’s speech provides a strong example of Spirit-empowered prophecy.

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