Divine Empowerment of Leaders

Divine Empowerment of Leaders, Study of Luke(Page 14)

By Allen Quist 

Comparison and Contrast of Acts 2:17-21 to the Original Source, Joel 2:28-32
(part 7)

Using a replication with some differences (Robbins 41), Luke changes Joel 2:30-31 to include the words “signs,” “above” and “below” seen in Acts 2:19. Since we can translate both portents and signs as “wonders”, we will be dealing with the distinction between “above” and “below.” Montague argues the reason Luke adds the words “above” and “below” is to make a distinction between the locations of the “wonders.” In other words, there will be wonders seen in both places (Montague 285). Witherington sees Acts 2:19-20 as references to the final age (142-143). We can see wonders and signs beginning throughout the rest of Luke’s Acts of the Apostles. For example, immediately after the three thousand people accepted Christ during Pentecost, believers were in awe because of “signs and wonders” performed by the Apostles (Acts 2:42). In Acts 5:12, Luke records “signs and wonders” in Jerusalem. Luke records Stephen, “full of faith and power” doing “wonders and signs among the people” (Acts 6:8). After Simon believed and was baptized, he saw “miracles and signs” in Samaria (Acts 8:13). We can infer from this, under the divine empowerment of Christian leadership theory, Spirit-empowered leaders will do significant ministry (from God’s point of view) among people and will recognize God’s miracles around them. Divine-empowerment is triadic—it involves God providing the power to do and see God's work, the leader used by God to do and see His work, and the follower as the recipient and witness of God’s work.

Joel 2: 31 The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and terrible day of the LORD comes.Acts 2: 20 The sun shall be turned to darkness

and the moon to blood,

before the coming of the Lord’s great and glorious day.

32Then everyone who calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved; for in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those who escape, as the LORD has said, and among the survivors shall be those whom the LORD calls.21 Then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.’

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