Divine Empowerment of Leaders

Divine Empowerment of Leaders, Study of Luke(Page 10)

By Allen Quist 

Comparison and Contrast of Acts 2:17-21 to the Original Source, Joel 2:28-32
(part 3)

Luke’s recontextualization of a replication is similar to someone quoting Martin Luther King, Jr., “I Have a Dream,” while giving a talk about equality among all disenfranchised people. Changing the theme of “I Have a Dream” to today’s context is recontextualization of a replication of Dr. King’s speech. It is interesting to note, Dr. King recontextualized a replication of Isaiah 40:4-5 in his “I Have a Dream” speech. He recontextualized Isaiah’s theme of exalting valleys and lowering mountains to the context of equality of people in his day (King).

Joel 2:28 Then afterward

I will pour out my spirit on all flesh;
Acts 2:17 ‘In the last days it will be, God declares,

that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh,

Another difference between Joel and Acts is the addition of “God declares” in Acts 2:17. To identify God as the person speaking in attributed speech, Joel used “I” in Joel 2:28 because it was in a section of scripture already giving God’s instruction in the first person (Joel 2:27). Reconcontextualizing the replication of Joel, Luke added, “God declares” in Acts 2:17 to clarify it was God who was giving the quote. Today, we do this nearly every time we quote someone. For example, your friend Allen says, “I am going to town.” Later someone asks you where your friend went and you say, “Allen said he was going to town.” Luke recontextualizes Joel to provide clarity in his communication for the benefit of the reader. Under the divine empowerment of Christian leadership theory, Spirit-empowered leaders are able to communicate clearly for the benefit of the recipient. Divine-empowerment is triadic—it involves God providing the power to communicate clearly, the leader to do the communicating and the recipient of the message as the third member of the triad.

Joel 2:28

your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,

your old men shall dream dreams,

and your young men shall see visions.

Acts 2:17

and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,

and your young men shall see visions,

and your old men shall dream dreams.


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